Born 1882, in Chilesburg, KY, one of the most storied careers of all. He was one of four jockeys to win back-to-back runnings of the Kentucky Derby, scoring on "His Eminence" in 1901 and "Alan-a-Dale" in 1902. Known a s the king of the Chicago tracks, was described by Col. Phil Chinn as a "gentleman on the ground, a demon in the saddle." Wink, as he was called, won 220 races in 1901 including the Clark Handicap, Tennesee Derby, Latonia Derby, and New Orleans Derby. In 1904 Winkfield went on to europe and became the champion jockey in Russia. A man with only an 8th grade education became fluent in Russian, French, and some German. He won the Russian Derby four times, the Czar's Prize three times, the Russian Oaks fivetimes, and the Warsaw Derby Twice.
Durring the Russian Revolution he helped the racing community and 200 horses escape from Odessa on a 1,000 mile trek to Poland. Winkfield also had sucess in Germany and France, winning the Prix President de la Republic, Grand Prix of Deauville, and the Prix Eugene Adam. The record books show that Winkfield won more than 2500 races in his 30 year career as a jockey, retiring at age 50. He then became a successful trainer in France, forced out again by WWII then returning, where he lived until his death in 1974. 30 years after his death he was inducted into the Racing Hall of Fame.
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George Anderson, born in Baltimore, MD in 1871 rode for owners such as August Belmont, D.D. Withers, William L. Scott, Byron McClelland and Bill Daly. In 1889, 18 year-old Anderson became the first African American jockey to win the Preakness Stakes aboard Buddhist at Pimlico Race Course.
In 1891, "Spider" Anderson claimed victory in the Alabama Stakes at Saratoga. He became well-known for his integrity, cleverness and general success according to records published in the American Turf. After losing the battle of the scale, George "Spider" Anderson switched to Steeplechase riding.
Ed Dudley Brown, was a winning thoroughbred jockey, Standard bred rider, trainer of two Kentucky Derby winners (Baden, Baden 1877 and Hindoo, 1881) and winning trainer/owner of two Kentucky Oaks winners. Born a slave in Fayette, Co., KY in 1850, his career achievements continue to astound historians who are amazed at his success despite daunting odds.
In 1858, Brown Dick was sold to Robert A. Alexander, owner of the famed Woodburn farm. He began as a Stable hand, but soon became the best jockey at Woodburn, winning the 1870 Belmont Stakes aboard Kingfisher and the same event in 1879 as a trainer of Spendthrift.
Alonzo Clayton was considered a boy wonder; barely 15 years of age, Alonzo became the youngest jockey at the time to win the Kentucky Derby aboard Azra. Born in Kansas, City MO in 1876, Lonnie began his riding career at age 12 when he became an exercise rider for Lucky Baldwin's stable. By age 13 he began riding horse on the East Coast and by 14 competing before throngs of crowds at Morris Park in New York city.
Alonzo became one of the greatest jockeys of his era winning numerous stakes races such as, the Kentucky Oaks in 1894 and 1895, the Travers and Flash stakes at Saratoga, the Jerome stakes atop Picknicker and the Clark Handicap at Churchill Downs.
Bob Greene, born a slave in 1823, ascended to the ranks of head groom of the famed Belle Meade Plantation in Nashville, TN where he trained and bred some of America's "First Great Stallions," Iroquois, Enquirer and Bonnie Scotland to name a few.
Today, seventy percent of Thoroughbreds racing can trace their bloodlines back to these first great sires; including Secretariat, Seattle Slew and 2006 Kentucky Derby winner "Barbaro."
A native Kentuckian, started his career as an exercise rider at the tender age of 11, but before his first year on the job was up he rode "Major Lee" to victory in two races. In 1884, working for William Stoops, he won 15 straight races aboard "Little Fred" and won 6 times on Templar. He also scored notable wins aboard Warrenton and Glenbrook at Churchill Downs. Bud Haggins weighted in at 112 pounds during his riding career.
Born in 1866 near Camden S.C. rode for William Lakeland in his early days. Later, he rode for prominent trainers James Ben Ali Haggin, Sen. George Hearst,August Belmont sr., Mike Dwyer, Pierre Lorillard, J.R. Keene and August Belmont Jr.
Riding with particular success in New York, Hamilton scored major victories aboard Exile in the 1889 Brooklyn Handicap. In 1890 he won the Futurity Stakes aboard Potomac and the 1891 Lawrence Realization Stakes atop Hornpipe. In 1895 Hamilton struck again winning both the Brooklyn Handicap aboard Lazzarone and the Metropolitan atop Counter Tenor.He also won important races on Prince Royal, Raceland and Claredon.
Erskine Henderson, (No known photo) rode in three Kentucky Derby's. In 1882 he rode Pat Malloy to a ninth-place finish, rode Chatter to a seventh-place finish in 1883 and finally winning the roses in 1885 aboard Joe Cotton.
Was accustomed to handling horse and mules since the age of 7. By the age of 8 he could drive a 3-mule team harnessed to a cart around the Louisiana Plantation he worked on for 25 cents a day, more than the daily average. He started racing Quarter horses at bush tracks, winning all four races his first day. He won his first recognized Thoroughbred race on October 4, 1902.
John H. Jackson
From Lexington, KY began exercising race horses in 1894 at 5 years of age for Lee Christy. Exercising for only six months before becoming a jockey, Jackson began riding for Samuel C. Wagner in 1895, winning 40 of the 150 races entered that year. He was reported to be a firm and strong rider with good qualifications.
From Graceland, LA won the 1906 Latonia Derby aboard The Abbott. Nicknamed "The Black Demon," Lee is best remembered for sweeping the entire six race card at Churchill Downs on June 5, 1907. His success was attributed to good judgment rating horses and fearless riding in tight places. He would capture 49 victories for the entire 1907 spring meet at Churchill Downs, a record that stood until 1976.
George Garret Lewis
Won the 1880 Kentucky Derby aboard Fonso despite a foul claim,first in the history of the Derby. 18 year-old Lewis died at his home in Hutchinson Station, KY approximately two months following his Derby victory from internal injuries sustained in a spill during a mile race in St. Louis, Missouri.
From Bourbon County, KY rode in four consecutive Derby's, 1886-89, winning atop Montrose, in 1887. 17-year-old Lewis also scored victories the same day in two heats of the Frank Fehr City Brewery Purse. Lewis, who began his career as an 11-year-old jockey for trainer Byron McClelland, scored his first career victory for H.P. McGrath, owner of Aristides, winner of the first Kentucky Derby in 1875. Lewis earned a reputation for getting his horses away from the starting gate quickly and being a fearless rider with courage around the turns.
Will be forever known as the winning jockey in the 1875 inaugural Kentucky Derby aboard Aristides. The time, 2:37 ¾ set an American record for the 1 ½ mile race, his intended job during the race was to set a fast pace so stable mate "Chesapeake" could garner the lead, but in the end, Aristides was just too far out in front.
Lewis got the go ahead from owner H.P. McGrath to continue on for the win. He never rode in another Derby but later became a trainer in Lexington, KY.
Isaac Burns Murphy
Considered by many one of the greatest jockeys in American history. Born Isaac Burns, he added his grandfather's surname (Murphy) at the request of his mother during the start of his racing career at age 14. He was the first jockey to win the Derby on three occasions; Buchanan, 1884; Riley, 1890, and Kingman, 1891, and remains the only jockey to win the Derby, Oaks and Clark Handicap in the same year, 1884.
Murphy's racing career was legendary, he won the American Derby four times (once the richest race in the country), and the Latonia Derby 5-times. According to records, of the 1,412 races he rode, he scored victories 628 times, a win percentage of 44% of all races and a feat still unmatched by today's standards. Murphy, 35, died from complications
of pneumonia February 12, 1896, more than 500 people attended his funeral in Lexington, KY including racing's most distinguished personalities of the day.
James Perkins, of Lexington, KY began his riding career at age 11 in 1891 and won his first race that same year at Kentucky's Latonia Racetrack. By age 15, he became the second youngest Derby winning jockey guiding Halma to victory in 1895 and was ranked as the country's leading rider the same year with 192 victories out of 762 mounts.
From Lexington, KY. He attended school for a few years before taking his first job on the track at the age of 14 with noted African American horsemen Edward Brown. The following year Porter signed to ride for P.J. "Lucky" Baldwin. Porter later rode for W. Showalter, William M. Wallace, Albert Cox, Foxhall Keene, William Landsberg, and "Father Bill" Daly. For the Wallace stable he was the first to win on "The Commoner," at three-quarters of a mile in 1:14. Porter also rode "Oracle", "The Winner", "Storm Kin", "Volley", "Tinkler", "El Reno", and "Lady Bess."
Born in Augusta, GA in 1880, Simms was enamord with the colors of the jockey silks at county fairs when he was a youngster, vowing to become a rider. Simms has a perfect record a the Kentucky Derby, winning both times he raced. First aboard "Ben Brush," 1896, and then atop "Plaudit," 1898. He is also the only African American rider to win all three races in the triple crown: The Belmont in 1893 and 1894, and the Preakness in 1898. Riding in England in the 1890's he introduced the "short" style of riding there (leaning far forward, crouched over the neck and withers with his feet tucked under in shortend stirrups). He died at the age of 47 in Asbury Park, NJ.
William Walker hailed from Woodford County, KY and was born in 1860. He rode "Baden Baden" to victory in the 1877 Kentucky Derby and also received the Jockey Club purse that year for best-behaved jockey on the track. Walker was the top rider at Churchill Downs in the springs of 1876, 1877(tie), 1878 and 1881(tie); and the falls of 1875 and 1876. Walker achieved his greatest triumph in a celebrated match race atop iron-horse "Ten Broeck" defeating the mare "Mollie McCarthy" in Louisville. He rode for some 20 years and then became a successful trainer. With his vast knowledge of bloodlines, Walker served as a turf correspondent for various sporting publications. He saw every Kentucky Derby (59) until his death on Sept. 20, 1933. Walker and his wife laid in an unmarked grave in The Louisville Cemetary on Poplar Level Road until 1983.
Born in the shadow of Monmouth Park race track August 5, 1879 in Eatontown, NJ. Smitten with horses at an early age he contracted at the age of 12 to work for Charles Littlefield's stable for three years. He quickly picked up skills and became a jockey. Scoring his first win atop "Chic," he was described by The Amreican Turf as a "well Built" rider, "exceedingly intelligent," with "a good seat and a fair pair of hands. He trained in a good school, and during his career has given abundant evidence of his ability." Weight was never a problem for Waller as he rode as light as 85 pounds up to 102 pounds.
William N. Cloyd
Born in Nashville, TN., November 6, 1868. At the tender age of 10, after attending school for just a few years, he ran away from home to pursue his life's passion. He started as an excersise rider for George H. Rice. Then he connected with trainer Albert Cooper, where he traveled to California as his right hand man. After his successful work there he returned east. With the money he earned he invested in a horse named Ornus, who was deemed a cripple. Cloyd trained Ornus and started him in twelve races, finishing in the money eight times. From thn on Cloyd owned several other horses who were also winners.
From Charleston, SC. Born in 1859, he started as a stable boy with Anthony Hall. Greene understood as a youth the value of an education and the impact it would have on his future, so he attended school for five years. He then went to trainer Henry Horres, where he crafted his skills for ten years. At the stable of A.J. Cassatt he became assistant trainer to W.P. Burch, then to G.B. Morris, W.C. Daly, and R. Bradley. Along the way he polished his trade as a trainer and saved enough money to purchase several horses of his own, but without any winners. He then connected with Mr. Keene's stable where he became trainer and stable superintendent. During his stay with Keene, Greene trained such winners as "Civil Service", "Blitzen", "Count", "Fidelio", "Terifier", "Bolero", "Horoscope", "Rhodesia", "Royal Rose" and "Juno". In 1892, he trained the winners of the Oriental Stakes at Sheepshead Bay, Gaiety Stakes at Morris Park and Brooklyn race courses. He went on to train other winners such as "Ben Brush", "Queen of Beauty", "Tickler", "Slasher", "Game Boy", "Choral", "Sweet Chaporal", "Sheik", "St. Lorenzo", "Veracious", "Interfere", "Red Clover", and "Don Porfino".
Born in 1865 in Charleston, SC. At age eleven he started his career as an exercise rider. In 1887, he began his win streak with Dame Fortune. Following up with such winners as "Lute String", "Vinaigrette", "Cora Tanner", "Bank Cashier", and "Motorman". "War Like" was one horse whom he won several thousands of dollars in a race beating "Restraint", "Beansy" and "Governor Fifer". "Torchlight", at Jerome Park, went off at 50:1 odds and won handily a large sum of money for John White.
Wilson S. Taylor
Began his career as an exercise rider with a five year stint at the stable of Hugh Gaffney. After a brief tour of the county fairs he returned to the larger tracks, becoming the foreman of James Walden's public stable. He became the assistant to Mr. Huggins, who was the trainer for owner August Belmont. In 1884, he became assistant trainer to George L. Lorillard, training such horses as "Harvard", "Jay F. Dee", and "Huntoon". In 1889, Taylor moved to the stable of D.A. Honig, training "Censor" and "Can't tell" He then moved to a New York stable managed by Matthew Sharpe.
From Augusta, GA, born May 27, 1867. Early began his riding career at the age of 14 riding for Byron McClelland. After a growth spurt he became to heavy for riding and became assistant trainer to Edward Wall a the stable of J. McDonald. there he trained owner W.R. Jones many winners such as "Belwood", "Satisfied" and "Babette" in 1889, 90 and 91. Giving way to purchase "Postmaster" and "Charade", which went on to win the Carleton Stakes, the Daisy, the Congress Hall, the Tidal Stakes, Grand Union, White Plains, Brookdale, Metropolitan Handicaps, and the Double Event. Even after Mr. Jone's death in 1897, Matthew Early continued to train his horses and went on to purchase two of his own, "Parade" and "Tea-leaf".
Born in Nashville, TN in 1871, Ramsey began as an exercise rider for the stable of George H. Rice, where he quickly became a jockey during his four years there. He became assistant foreman of the stable of Hardy Durham. Ramsey became assistant trainer to the Burridge Brothers and after two years was placed in charge of the entire operation. Even though the stable had royal bloodline in its horses they met with many accidents and injuries.
Samuel T. Booker
A lifetime among horses; Born in Alabama January 25, 1865. His first job was at the stable of Capt. William Cottrill in Mobile, AL. During his six years there he went from exercise rider to jockey, to assistant trainer. He went on to ride for Edward Beardsly, assistant training as well for C.H. Pettingill. He was then employed as head trainer for the stable of J.A. Bennett, in Parkville, Long Island. He trained such winners as "Temple", "Restraint", "Economist", "Doggett", and "Roundsman". The latter two horses won such races as the Capitol, Bayside Stakes, and the Washington Handicap in 1896. Booker struggled through most of his career just missing the mark.